Soon, the Mexicans could consume marijuana in private or use it legally for medical purposes.
The President Enrique Peña Nieto is waiting for the Senate to approve the General Cannabis Control Law, which he sent the last month after his participation in the special reunion at the United Nations about the drugs trafficking.
“As Mexican President, I recognized the necessity of updating the laws about the marijuana uses for medical and scientific purposes… (We have to) raise, in agreement with international standards, the amount of marijuana for personal uses, because we don’t want to criminalize the consumers”, said Peña Nieto.
The Union Congress has to approve the new law.
Until now, the international media emphasizes on the importance of this reform in the therapeutic uses, but the project is trying to go beyond of that: the private production and consumption.
The new law was created on the basis of the Uruguayan and Spanish models, which are focusing on the personal consumption and the medical purposes, both controlled by the Government.
In that order, the senators have to abrogate articles of the Mexican General Health Law and the Penal Code, where the production and distribution of marijuana are punishable; but there is a fuzzy line to punish to the consumers.
With the reform the Government wants to create two institutions: the Mexican Institute of the Cannabis (IMCANN, in Spanish) and the CANNAMEX, a distribution company.
Besides, the President suggests a special tax for the marijuana market.
Even, the IMCAAN could approve the importation or exportation of cannabis. “Article 9. The powers of IMCANN: … IV. Authorize the import and export of cannabis seeds”, was written in the project analyzed by the senators.
Around 4.9 million people consume marijuana, mostly young people, in 23 states of México; but the use and trafficking is a serious problem in 10 entities, as Jalisco and the capital of the country, it was reported in the article “Epidemiology of drug use in Mexico”, written by Yureli Cacho Carranza, of the National Council for Science and Technology.
Also there are studies about the medical benefits as active substance to produce medicaments against the chronic pains, multiple sclerosis, cancer, HIV and problems with the motor coordination as well, according to report of the National Council against Addictions in México.
In case that the Union Congress approves the project, México can be included in the analysis of the International Narcotics Control Board (INCB), which every year reports the legal production of substances and drugs, as marijuana.
“Global licit production of cannabis was reported to be 60.4 tons in 2013, below the high record of 77 tons in 2012, but still considerably above the 24.9 tons registered in 2011. It is expected that in 2014 there will be a further increase, since several countries are considering the possibility of instituting medical cannabis programmes and the possibility of prescribing medicines based on cannabis extracts”, indicates the INCB’s report of 2014.
The General Cannabis Control Law could change
the war against the organized crime.
The problem of drugs trafficking in Mexico has left thousands of deaths and disappeared people.
“During 2007, 53 municipalities had one execution per month at least. This number grew to 84 municipalities in 2008, 131 in 2009 and 200 in 2010. This tendency is an increase of 277% between 2007 and 2010. Besides, there are calculations that 25,821 people have disappeared until March of 2015”, the Presidency reported in its project of law.
Those are just some numbers, because as I wrote in my articles about the cartels and drugs, there are cases of clandestine graves, and United States and Canada alert the tourists about the violence in Mexico.
The project of the Presidency is important, because after almost ten years of war against the cartels, the Mexican Government will try something different and will get closer to the policies in other countries, as Canada, Spain, Uruguay and Holland.
There are projects in the Senate that have been delayed, as the National Anticorruption System, for that reason the new reform would not be approved soon.
This is a general law, for that after the Senate; the federal deputies have to co-sign the project.
When? That is a very good question. The Mexican Union Congress will have the last word.