In 2060, Hispanic women will be the third female population in the United States. Now, they are having better performance in the school than men, but they are not having the same retribution, even compared to their counterpart which has less schooling.
“In fact, Latinas are graduating from high school at higher rates than their male counterparts, and 60 percent of bachelor’s degrees earned by Latino/as go to women”, it was written in the report “Fulfilling America’s Future: Latinas in the U.S.”, sponsored by the White House in 2015.
This is the last analysis about this community. But, why are the authors focusing on Latinas? Why is this group so important?
“Currently, Hispanic girls and women are one in five women in the U.S. and will comprise nearly one third of the country’s female population by 2060. Ensuring they are positioned for success is a fundamental responsibility and an important economic opportunity for the country”, wrote Alejandra Ceja, Executive Director of the White House Initiative on Educational Excellence for Hispanics, in the preface of that report.
What is limiting Latinas?
- They cannot afford their education.
- Their family ties limit their capacities.
- Their incomes are unequal.
The study also says that one in four female students in high school is Latina. The education performance of Hispanic female is getting better.
- Between 2003 and 2013, Latinas raised their high school graduation rate by more than 14 percentage points.
- They have been increasing in college degree attainment by about .5 percentage points each year.
- The last ten years, they raised their representation between 30 and 40 percent in teaching, law, medicine, and management professions.
What is stopping them? There are a lot of reasons, but the analysis explains that Latinas have to attend to familiar matters, so they cannot keep studying.
- One-fourth of Latinas live below the poverty line.
- They said that the most important reason for not continuing their education was because they need to help and support their families.
- This group is more reluctant to take on educational debt than White or Asians.
- Latinas working full-time, year round, earned only 56 cents for every dollar earned by a white non-Hispanic man.
- They earned about 7 cents less per dollar than their Hispanic male counterparts.
The analysis says that Latinas have interesting opportunities if they continue their education, especially those that are full-bilingual. However, they have to affront the inequality in jobs, as all women, yes, but even worse.
- 8.7 percent of all female teachers are Latinas.
- 6.7 percent of female lawyers are Latinas.
- 7.5 percent of all female physicians are Latinas, 15 percent less than Asian.
- 9.5 percent of all female managerial professionals are Latinas, more than Asian and black.
- 4.3 percent of all female CEO are Latinas.
Latinas are one of the most vulnerable social groups, because they cannot afford their education; for their family ties limit their capacity and their incomes are unequal.
The government recognizes the importance of this group in the U.S. economy, even in civic participation.
“In order to strengthen the national economy and narrow the gaps in health, labor, political participation, and civic engagement, it is necessary to increase the human capital of Latinas – that is, to increase their level of education and developed skills”, said the report.